Lampropeltis sp. // Lampropeltis getula—Common Kingsnake // Lampropeltis intermedius—Intermediate Kingsnake // Lampropeltis pyromelana—Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake // Lampropeltis triangulum—Eastern Milksnake
Various species of kingsnakes are possible within our region, but limited samples may prevent identification to species.
Wisconsin: CC:5:1 (Mead et al. 2003: cf.)
Late Wisconsin: Dust Cave (this work: cf.).
Literature. Mead et al. 2003.
Van Devender and Worthington (1977) gave the preferred habitat as mesic grasslands but noted that it also occurs out into desert environments along riparian washes.
Fig. 1. Common Kingsnake. Photograph courtesy of Carl S. Lieb.
Mid Wisconsin: Pendejo Cave (UTEP); Rancho La Brea (LaDuke 1991).
Mid Wisconsin-Holocene: Shelter Cave (Brattstrom 1964).
Late Wisconsin: Picacho Peak (Van Devender et al. 1991); Rampart Cave (Van Devender et al. 1977a); Stanton's Cave (Olsen and Olsen 1984); Test Trench II (UTEP).
Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Deadman Cave (Mead et al. 1984); Fowlkes Cave (Parmley 1990); Shelter Cave (Brattstrom 1964); Howell's Ridge Cave (Van Devender and Worthington 1977); Pendejo Cave (UTEP).
Literature. Brattstrom 1964; Harris 2003; LaDuke 1991; Mead et al. 1984; Olsen and Olsen 1984; Parmley 1990; Van Devender and Worthington 1977; Van Devender et al. 1977a; Van Devender et al. 1991.
The type locality is Curtis Ranch (Brattstrom 1955).
Late Blancan: California Wash (Lindsay 1978); Curtis Ranch (Brattstrom 1955).
Literature. Brattstrom 1955; Lindsay 1984.
This is a snake of mesic or riparian montane habitats (Van Devender and Worthington 1977). It currently is widespread in montane situations in a broad band from northwestern Arizona to extreme southwestern New Mexico and south in Mexico.
Fig. 1. Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake (Lampropeltis pyromelana). Photograph by Jeff Servoss, courtesy of the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
Late Wisconsin: Vulture Cave (Mead and Phillips 1981).
Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Howell's Ridge Cave (Van Devender and Worthington 1977: cf.).
Literature. Mead and Phillips 1981; Van Devender and Worthington 1977.
Synonyms. Lampropeltis doliata.
The fossil records are within or at the margins of the current range, which is largely to the north or east.
Fig. 1. Eastern Milk Snake (Lampropeltis triangulum). Photograph by Carl S. Lieb.
Late Wisconsin: Blackwater Draw Fauna ((Slaughter 1975: cf.).
Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Fowlkes Cave (Parmley 1990).
Literature. Parmley 1990; Slaughter 1975.
Last Update: 1 Dec 2013