Class Chelonia
Family Kinosternidae

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Kinosternon Spix 1824—Mud Turtles

These aquatic turtles are widespread in North America.

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Regional distribution of Pleistocene fossil Kinosternon sp.Kinosternon sp.—Mud Turtles

Discussion. Presumably Pleistocene Lake San Agustín would have been ideal habitat, and various taxa indicate the presence of freshwater habitats at El Golfo.

Sites.

Late Blancan/Irvingtonian: Vallecito Creek, Anza-Borrego Desert (Cassiliano 1999).

Irvingtonian: El Golfo (Croxen et al. 2007: cf.).

Mid Wisconsin: Térapa (White et al. 2010).

Late Wisconsin: VLA (Morgan and Lucas 2005: cf.).

Literature. Cassiliano 1999; Croxen et al. 2007; Morgan and Lucas 2005; White et al. 2010.

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Regional distribution of Pleistocene fossil Kinosternon flavescensKinosternon flavescens (Agassiz 1857)—Yellow Mud Turtle

Sites.

Late Blancan: Curtis Ranch (Lindsay 1984)

Sangamon: La Brisca (Van Devender et al. 1985).

Literature. Lindsay 1984; Van Devender et al. 1985.

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Regional distribution of Pleistocene fossil Kinosternon sonorienceKinosternon sonoriense LeConte 1854—Sonora Mud Turtle

Kinosternon sonoriense

Fig. 1. Sonoran Mud Turtle. Photograph courtesy of Carl S. Lieb.

Sites.

Late Blancan/Irvingtonian: Anza-Borrego Desert (Gensler et al. 2006: cf.)

Sangamon: La Brisca (Van Devender et al. 1985).

Literature. Gensler et al. 2006; Van Devender et al. 1985.

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Last Update: 11 Jun 2014