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Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Cardinalidae

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Cardinalis—Cardinals // Passerina—Varied Buntings // Pheucticus melanocephalus—Black-headed Grosbeak // Piranga ludoviciana—Western Tanager // Spiza—Dickcissels

Cardinalidae—Cardinals and Dickcissels

This group includes the Northern Cardinal and the congeneric Pyrrhuloxia, grosbeaks, and the Dickcissel.

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Cardinalis sp.—Northern Cardinal or PyrrhuloxiaPleistocene regional distribution of Cardinalis sp.

The Northern Cardinal currently occurs in the southern half of Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and occasionally in southeastern New Mexico, thence south into the Big Bend. The Pyrrhuloxia occurs throughout the Lower Sonoran Life Zone in our region.

Sites.

Late Wisconsin: Harris' Pocket (Harris 1993c).

Literature. Harris 1993c.

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Cardinalis cardinalis (Linnaeus 1758)—Northern CardinalPleistocene regional distribution of Cardinalis cardinalis

Sites.

Late Wisconsin: Maricopa (Jefferson 1991a).

Literature. Jefferson 1991a.

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Passerina sp.—Varied BuntingsPleistocene regional distribution of Passerina sp.

The Lazuli and Painted Buntings currently occur in our region. The former is widespread, the latter primarily in the southern portions of our region.

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: Dark Canyon Cave (Harris 1993c: ?).

Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Stanton's Cave (Rea and Hargrave 1984).

Literature. Harris 1993c; Rea and Hargrave 1984.

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Piranga ludoviciana (Wilson 1811)—Western TanagerPleistocene regional distribution of Piranga ludoviciana

Sites.

Wisconsin: Carpinteria (Guthrie 2009).

Literature. Guthrie 2009.

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Spiza sp.—DickcisselsPleistocene regional distribution of Spiza sp.

A single species of Dickcissel (Spiza americana) is recognized. Dickcissels are primarily Midwestern in the breeding season, but occur along the eastern portions of New Mexico. Ligon (1961) found them especially common in the Pecos Valley during migration.

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: Dark Canyon Cave (Harris 1993c: ?).

Literature. Harris 1993c; Ligon 1961.

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Pheucticus sp.—GrosbeaksPleistocene regional distribution of Pheucticus sp

Sites.

Rancholabrean: Cool Water Coal Gasification Solid Waste Site (Jefferson 1991a: aff.).

Literature. Jefferson 1991a.

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Pheucticus melanocephalus (Swainson 1827)—Black-headed GrosbeakPleistocene regional distribution of Pheucticus melanocephalus

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: Rancho La Brea (Stock and Harris 1992).

Late Wisconsin: Maricopa (Jefferson 1991a).

Literature. Jefferson 1991a; Stock and Harris 1992.

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Last Update: 15 Feb 2014