Hirundo rustica—Barn Swallow // Petrochelidon fulva/pyrrhonota—Cave or Cliff Swallow //Petrochelidon pyrrhonota—Cliff Swallow // Tachycineta bicolor—Tree Swallow
Mid/Late Wisconsin: Diamond Valley (Springer et al. 2009).
Literature. Springer et al. 2009.
Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Stanton's Cave (Rea and Hargrave 1984).
Literature. Rea and Hargrave 1984.
Synonyms. Hirundo fulva, Hirundo pyrrhonota
Cliff and Cave Swallows are closely related. The Cliff Swallow currently is widely distributed over the region, whereas the Cave Swallow reaches west and north to the Guadalupe Mountains region. Preferred nesting sites make both of these species liable to ending up in cave fill. In the mid-sixties, Dry Cave had a few remnants of nests in the Entrance Chamber, but not enough remained to determine the species involved. The Cave Swallow currently nests in Sierra Diablo Cave; preservational data suggest pre-Holocene occurrences, also.
Fig. 1. Carpometacarpus of Petrochelidon fulva/pyrrhonota (probably Holocene).
Mid/Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Sierra Diablo Cave (UTEP).
Late Wisconsin: Charlies Parlor (Harris 1989: cf.); TT II (Harris 1993c).
Literature. Harris 1989, 1993c.
Wisconsin: Carpinteria (Guthrie 2009).
Mid Wisconsin: McKittrick (Jefferson 1991a).
Literature. Guthrie 2009; Jefferson 1991a.
Wisconsin: Carpinteria (Guthrie 2009: cf.).
Literature. Guthrie 2009.
Last Update: 16 Mar 2014