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Class Aves
Order Charadriiformes
Family Laridae

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Chroicocephalus philadelphia—Bonaparte's Gull // Larus sp.—Gulls // Larus californicus—California Gull // Larus canus/delawarenesis—Mew Gull/Ring-billed Gull // Larus canus—Mew Gull // Larus glaucescens—Glaucous-winged Gull // Larus occidentalis—Western Gull // Larus oregonus—Oregon Gull // Leucophaeus pipixcan—Franklin's Gull // Rissa tridactyla—Black-legged Kittiwake

Laridae—Gulls

Larus delawarensisAlthough many people think of gulls as being limited to marine habitats, a number of species will occur inland, including in our region. They generally are associated with the larger bodies of water and likely are more common since the construction of such reservoirs as Elephant Butte.

Fig. 1. Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis), one of the gulls that currently enters our region and, according to Ligon (1961), the most common of the various species that do so.

Literature. Ligon 1961.


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Laridae sp.—GullsPleistocene regional distribution of Laridae sp.

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Jimenez Cave (Messing 1986).

Larus sp.

Mid Wisconsin-Holocene: Shelter Cave (Howard and Miller 1933).

Larus sp.

Literature. Howard and Miller 1933; Messing 1986.

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Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Ord 1815)—Bonaparte's GullPleistocene regional distribution of Larus canus

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: San Miguel Island (Guthrie 1998).

Literature. Guthrie 1998.

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Larus sp. (large)—Large GullPleistocene regional distribution of Larus sp. (large)

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: San Miguel Island (Guthrie 1998).

Literature. Guthrie 1998.

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Larus californicus (Lawrence 1854)—California Gull Pleistocene regional distribution of Larus californicus

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: San Miguel Island (Guthrie 1998).

Literature. Guthrie 1998.

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Larus canus/delawarensis —Mew Gull (cf.) or Ring-billed Gull Pleistocene regional distribution of Larus canus/delawarensis

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: San Miguel Island (Guthrie 1998).

Literature. Guthrie 1998.

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Larus canus Linnaeus, 1758—Mew GullPleistocene regional distribution of Larus canus

Sites.

Wisconsin: Zuma Creek (Jefferson 1991a).

Late Wisconsin: Maricopa (Jefferson 1991a).

Literature. Jefferson 1991a.

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Larus glaucescens Naumann 1840—Glaucous-winged GullPleistocene regional distribution of Larus glaucenscens

Sites.

Rancholabrean: San Pedro Lumber Yard (Jefferson 1991a).

Sangamon: San Pedro Lumber Co. (Jefferson 1991a).

Literature. Jefferson 1991a.

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Larus occidentalis (Audubon 1839)—Western GullPleistocene regional distribution of Larus occidentalis

Sites.

Wisconsin: Zuma Creek (Jefferson 1991a).

Literature. Jefferson 1991a.

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Larus oregonus Shufeldt 1892—Oregon GullPleistocene regional distribution of Larus oregonus

Sites.

Irvingtonian/Rancholabrean: Manix Lake (Jefferson 1991a: cf.).

Literature. Jefferson 1991a.

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Leucophaeus pipixcan (Wagler 1831)—Franklin's GullPleistocene regional distribution of Leucophaeus pipixcan

Sites.

Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Stanton's Cave (Rea and Hargrave 1984).

Literature. Rea and Hargrave 1984.

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Rissa tridactyla (Linnaeus, 1758)—Black-legged Kittiwake Pleistocene regional distribution of Rissa tridactyla

Sites.

Mid/Late Wisconsin: San Miguel Island (Guthrie 1998).

Literature. Guthrie 1998.

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Last Update: 2 Mar 2014