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Class Mammalia
Order Artiodactyla
Family Camelidae


Gigantocamelus sp.—Giant CamelsRegional Pleistocene distribution of Gigantocamelus

There is some question as to the nomenclatural status of Gigantocamelus; it may be a synonym of Titanotylopus (Kurtén and Anderson 1980). Vanderhill (1986) preferred to treat them as separate genera and to refer the New Mexican material to Gigantocamelus on the basis of the restricted geographic distribution of Titanotylopus (early Irvingtonian of Nebraska). He does point out that the two cannot be separated on the basis of limited post-cranial material.

The El Golfo record is given as Gigantocamelus sp. or Titanotylopus sp. (Croxen et al. 2007).

Left radio-ulna of Gigantocamelus

Fig. 1. Left radio-ulna of Gigantocamelus sp. (UTEP 97.45) from southern Doña Ana Co., NM. Much of the proximal articular surface of the radius is missing.


Late Blancan: La Union (Morgan and Lucas 2003); San Simon Fauna (Morgan and White 2005).

Irvingtonian: El Golfo (Croxen et al. 2007).

Literature. Croxen et al. 2007; Kurtén and Anderson 1980; Morgan and Lucas 2003; Morgan and White 2005; Vanderhill 1986.


Gigantocamelus spatula—Giant CamelRegional Pleistocene distribution of Gigantocamelus spatula


Late Blancan: Anza-Borrego (Murray 2008).

Literature. Murray 2008


Last Update: 4 Apr 2014