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Murray Springs

AZ: Cochise Co., 1270 m


Murray SpringsAge. Late Wisconsin. Numerous 14C are available (Haynes 2007).

General Description. An open site along a tributary of the San Pedro River near the Mexican Boundary. The site includes evidence of Clovis-culture hunters associated with extinct mammals. the faunal remains from several units are combined here. Hemmings (2007a) discussed the vertebrate remains.


Mammuthus columbi—Columbian Mammoth (Hemmings 2007b)
Ammospermophilus sp.—Antelope Ground Squirrel (Lindsay and Tessman 1974)
Otospermophilus variegatus—Rock Squirrel (Mead et al. 2005)
Thomomys sp.—Western Pocket Gophers (Lindsay and Tessman 1974)
Dipodomys merriami—Merriam's Kangaroo Rat (Mead et al. 2005)
Microtus sp.—Voles ((Hemmings 2007a)
Neotoma sp.—Woodrats (Hemmings 2007a)
Onychomys torridus-type—Southern Grasshopper Mouse (Mead et al. 2005)

Onychomys torridus

Peromyscus sp.—Deer Mice (Lindsay and Tessman 1974)
Reithrodontomys sp.—Harvest Mice (Lindsay and Tessman 1974)
Sigmodon sp.—Cotton Rats (Lindsay and Tessman 1974)
Lepus sp.—Jackrabbits (Mead et al. 2005)
Sylvilagus sp.—Cottontails (Mead et al. 2005)
Canis dirus—Dire Wolf (Hemmings 2007a)
Canis latrans/lupus—Coyote or Gray Wolf (Hemmings 2007a)

Domestic Dog may be a possibility; see the comment in Hemmings 2007a).

Equus sp.—Horse (Hemmings 2007b)
Tapirus merriami—Merriam's Tapir (Lindsay 1978)

Tapirus sp.

Platygonus sp.—Flat-headed Peccaries ((Hemmings 2007a)
Camelops hesternus—Yesterday's Camel (Hemming 2007a: cf.)
Bison antiquus—Ancient Bison (Hemmings 2007a: cf.)

Literature. Haynes 2007; Hemmings 2007a; Hemmings 2007b; Lindsay and Tessman 1974; Mead et al. 1979.


Last Update: 1 Mar 2013