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Santa Barbara Island

Ventura Co.

Location of Santa Barbara Island

Age. Sangamon (Lipps et al. 1968). The vampire bat is said to be <5000 BP (Jefferson 2014).

Discussion. Jefferson (1991a) lists Mancalla cf. californiensis from Graveyard Canyon as Rancholabrean without further comment; lists the time range as 3.6 to 2.588 Ma. I am omitting further consideration of the taxon.


Haliaeetus leucocephalus—Bald Eagle (Lipps et al. 1968: cf.)
Mammuthus sp.—Mammoths (Jefferson 2014)
Desmodus stocki—Stock's Vampire Bat (Jefferson 2014)
Zalophus sp.—Sea Lions (Lipps et al. 1968)

Literature. Jefferson 2014; Lipps et al. 1968; Jefferson 1991a.


Last Update: 29 May 2015