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Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Icteridae


Molothrus ater (Boddaert 1783)—Brown-headed CowbirdPleistocene regional distribution of Molothrus ater.

This nest parasite occurs throughout the region below about 8,000 ft. in the interior Southwest.


Mid/Late Wisconsin: Rancho La Brea (Stock and Harris 1992).

Mid Wisconsin-Holocene: Shelter Cave (Howard and Miller 1933).

Literature. Howard and Miller 1933; Stock and Harris 1992.


Last Update: 20 Dec 2013