Why Is Research Integrity So Important?
While many ethical conflicts associated with research can be resolved through reflection and friendly discussions, there are areas and situations that pose levels of risk so high that the array of value systems and moral boundaries of individuals may not be enough to insure the safety and health of other beings, society, or our environment. Compliance management ensures that boundaries and controls are well set and regulations are established and enforced to guarantee that researchers maintain the deeper values of society and remain free to trust the work of others.
Topics of interest include:
- Animal Care and Use
- Research Misconduct
- Conflict of Interest
- Laboratory Safety
- Export Controls
- Intellectual Property
- Research Involving Human Subjects (See also Institutional Review Board)
Research involving Human Subjects
As a result of the creation of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research by the US Congress in 1974, the Belmont report was published in 1979. This report identifies three basic ethical principles involved in human experimentation: respect for persons, beneficence and justice. These fundamental principles became the basis of subsequent regulation in research involving human subjects.
Research Involving Animals
According to IACUC.ORG the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) is a “self-regulating entity that, according to U.S. federal law, must be established by institutions that use laboratory animals for research or instructional purposes to oversee and evaluate all aspects of the institution's animal care and use program.” IACUC.ORG is produced by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS)