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Pintwater Cave

NV: Lincoln Co. 1268 m


Pintwater CaveAge. Late and Mid Wisconsin. Holocene material was present in the upper four levels; covered here is material from levels 5 to 8 with 14C dates ranging from 10,063 ± 90 in level 5 to 14,684 ± 190 in level 6 and 31,899 ± 473 in level 8 (Hockett 2000). In the taxon accounts, taxa present in levels 5 to 7 are considered as late Wisconsin; level 8 is mid Wisconsin.

General Description. Cave in the southern Pintwater Range, vegetation typical of a Mojave Desert scrub community (Hockett 2000).


Table 1 (below) reproduces data from Table 2 of Hockett (2000). Changes from his table include updating of nomenclature (Sauromelas ater rather than S. obesus and Aspidoscelis instead of Cnemidophorus).

TaxonLevel 5Level 6Level 7Level 8
Crotaphytus collaris—Eastern Collared Lizard X X X X
Gambelia wislizenii—Long-nosed Leopard Lizard X X X X
Sauromalus ater—Chuckwalla X      
Phrynosoma platyrhinos—Desert Horned Lizard X   X X
Aspidoscelis sp.—Whiptail Lizards   X  
Ammospermophilus leucurus—White-tailed Antelope Squirrel X X X X
Dipodomys deserti—Desert Kangaroo Rat X      
Dipodomys microps—Chisel-toothed Kangaroo Rat X      
Dipodomys panamintinus—Panamint Kangaroo Rat     X X
Thomomys bottae—Botta's Pocket Gopher X X X X
Thomomys talpoides—Northern Pocket Gopher   X X X
Microtus sp.—Voles X X X X
Neotoma cinerea—Bushy-tailed Woodrat X X X X
Neotoma lepida—Desert Woodrat X X X X
Onychomys spp.—Grasshopper Mice X      
Peromyscus spp.—Voles   X X X
Ochotona princeps—American Pika X      
Lepus cf. californicus—Black-tailed Jack Rabbit X X X X
Sylvilagus spp.—Cotton-tails X   X X
Antrozous pallidus—Pallid Bat X X X X
Canis latrans—Coyote       X
Canis lupus—Gray Wolf       X
Mustela erminea—Ermine X      
Ovis canadensis—Bighorn Sheep X   X X

In addition, Jefferson et al. (2015) list (Mid/Late Wisconsin/Holocene) Dipsosaurus dorsalis, D. merriami, Perognathus spp., and Lynx rufus.

Literature. Hockett 2000; Jefferson et al. 2015.


Last Update: 4 Apr 2015