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Class Aves
Order Anseriformes
Family Anatidae


Aix sponsa (Linnaeus, 1758)—Wood DuckPleistocene distribution of Aix sponsa

NPS photograph of Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)Wood Ducks are uncommon, but not rare in our region. The modern distribution is primarily along the major river valleys (Ligon 1961).

Fig. 1. A male wood duck. Photograph courtesy of the U.S. National Park Service.


Mid/Late Wisconsin: Dark Canyon Cave (Howard 1971.

Late Wisconsin/Holocene: Stanton's Cave (Rea and Hargrave 1984).

Literature. Howard 1971; Ligon 1961; Rea and Hargrave 1984.


Last Update: 4 Feb 2013