An Active Shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area; in most cases, active shooters use firearms(s) and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims. Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly. Typically, the immediate deployment of law enforcement is required to stop the shooting and mitigate harm to victims. An individual must use his/her own discretion during an active shooter event as to whether you choose to run to safety or remain in place. However, best practices for surviving an active shooter event are listed below. If an Active Shooter is reported on the campus, CALL 911 (Police, Fire & Ambulance) immediately when it is safe to do so.
Awareness and Preparation: Take time to understand your surroundings and environment before an emergency occurs. Ask yourself, “What if?” questions and develop a plan.
- Active Shooter Emergency
Make a decision, trusting your instincts, to take action to protect yourself to survive the situation.
- Get Out: Can I safely escape?
- Call Out: Is it safe to call 911? (Police, Fire & Ambulance) Hide Out: Is there a good place to hide?
- Spread Out: Do we have a plan in place?
- Take Out: Will you take out the shooter?
- Get Out
If you can and you deem it safe, get out and get to a safe place. You will have to rely partially on
- Leave belongings behind, take your cell phone with you.
- Do not allow others to enter the building or facility.
- Call Out
Call 911(Police, Fire & Ambulance) WHEN IT IS SAFE TO DO SO!! Don’t assume someone else has called 911 (Police, Fire & Ambulance).
- Hide Out
- Find a place to hide and block/ barricade the door.
- Remain quiet and silence your cell phone or pager.
- Spread Out
- Remain calm and keep others focused on survival.
- Do not huddle together.
- Quickly develop a plan of action in the event the shooter enters.
- Take Out
As a last resort, and only when your life is in imminent danger, attempt to incapacitate the shooter by throwing items (backpacks, books, etc.), or act as a team, make a plan, and all must be committed.
- Protecting Yourself- Secure Immediate Area
- Find a room that locks if you can.
- If possible, close and lock the outside door to the room. Block the door with furniture or other heavy objects.
- Close the blinds, turn off the lights,remain quiet,silence cell phones,spread out away from other individuals, and move behind available cover.
- Stay away from doors or windows, and do not peek out to see what may be happening.
- Make a plan with others in the room about what you will do if the shooter enters.
- Do whatever is necessary to survive the situation.
- Find protection behind furniture if possible.
- If possible and safe to do so, report the location of the assailant.
- Develop a plan, make a total commitment to action and act as a team with others.
- If Inside When Shooting Occurs
- Lock and barricade the door.
- Do not stand by doors or windows.
- Do not peek or raise your head in an effort to see what may be happening.
- Spread out and take cover.
- Wait and listen for directions from the police.
- If The Active Shooter Is Nearby
- Lock and barricade the door.
- Turn off the lights.
- Silence your cell phone or pager.
- Hide behind large items (i.e., cabinets, desks).
- Quickly develop a plan, act as a team and all must be committed.
- Remain calm and keep others focused on survival Information to provide to law enforcement or 911 Operator.
- If safe to do so, call 911 (Police, Fire & Ambulance) .
- Do not assume that someone else has reported the incident.
- Be persistent; phones may be jammed.
- Calmly identify yourself and give your location (building name and room number, floor number, etc.).
- Remain calm and answer the police dispatcher’s questions.
- Location of the active shooter.
- Number of shooter(s) if more than one.
- Physical description of the shooter(s).
- Number and type of weapons held by the shooter(s).
- Students, Faculty, & Staff
If gunshots are heard within a campus building, close and lock or barricade the room doors and turn off the lights. Stay calm inside a safe area. Stay in the locked/barricaded room until informed by the Police that it is safe to come out of the area.
- When Police Arrive
- Remain calm and follow the officer’s instructions.
- Put down any items in your hands (i.e., bags, backpacks, jackets, etc.).
- Immediately raise your hands and spread your fingers.
- Do not run at them or make sudden movements.
- The priority of the first responders will be to identify the shooter.
- Do not scream, yell, point, or wave your arms.
- Do not hold anything in your hands that could be mistaken for a weapon.
- When it is safe to do so, you will be given instructions as to how to safely exit your location.
- Actions After Reports of Shots Fired
- Initiate LOCKDOWN procedures.
- If safe to do so, Call 911 (Police, Fire & Ambulance).
- If outside on the campus grounds, find cover to protect yourself.
- Do not stop, RUN and keep in motion and away from the area.
- Move quickly to the nearest shelter (building).